University of Alberta: Indigenous Languages Education
We are an educational study program providing courses in language education to Indigenous language instructors, teachers, and First Nation communities. We recognize the need for a program that includes languages, language education curriculum and materials, pedagogy, assessment, school-based language policy and planning, research and technological advances in teaching, curriculum, and research. The inclusion of Elders and Indigenous Knowledge Systems (IKS) are essential to our program.
University of Ottawa: Site for Language Management in Canada
The first part of this site is focussed on the geographical situation for Canada’s geographical, legal, administrative, and demographic entity.
The second part is devoted to the history of language in Canada, focussing on the first language spoken from Indigenous people to the introduction to English and French.
The third part focusses on the languages that are still present in Canada.
The fourth is devoted to language legislation in Canada.
The fifth section describes the existing language organizations and services in Canada.
The sixth section compares the Canadian model to bilingualism in other countries.
And the final section the international organizations for language rights.
Six Nations Polytechnic
Six Nations Polytechnic is a unique postsecondary organization, recognized by community, government, and institutions of higher learning, as a Centre of Excellence for Indigenous Knowledge. Established in Canada’s most populous First Nation there is no other place where you can invest your time to acquire skills that lead to employment as well as learn about the history, culture and philosophy of Indigenous peoples of the region. Choose Six Nations Polytechnic to study alongside others who believe in Ga’nigohi:yo:/Kanikoriio (Respect and the Good Mind) values and learn together to build a positive future.
(The Way of a GoodMe)
A thesis submitted to the Committee on Graduate Studies in partial fulfilment of the requirements for the Degree of Master of Arts in the Faculty of Arts and Science at Trent University, Peterborough, Ontario, Canada, 1998.
Anishinaabe Mino-Binaudiziwin (The Way of a Good Me)
D’Amy Ishpeming’enzaabid Rheault
This thesis is an examination of Anishinaabe philosophy, particularly Mino-Birnaadiziwin (The Way of a Good Life) as it is explained by the traditional Teachings of the Anishinaabeg. To this end, Primary Experiential Knowledge is used as the method of investigation.
This thesis explains the meaning, purpose, and function of Anishinaabe Primary Experiential Knowledge as a method of philosophical exploration based on Applied Anishinaabe Theory: traditional principles of verification based on a personal interaction with traditional Anishinaabe Teachers and Elders.
Since research and learning for an Anishinaabe person includes more than an investigation of the external world – it is also a personal spiritual journey of knowledge gathering and self-discovery, I use a Primary Experiential Knowledge method to discuss the general philosophy that can be distilled or extracted from the traditional oral Teachings without reproducing those oral Teachings in written form.
Ientsitewate’nikonhraié:ra’te Tsi Nonkwá:ti Ne Á:se Tahatikonhsontóntie
We Will Turn Our Minds There Once Again, To the Faces Yet To Come
Second Language Speakers and Language Revitalization in Kahnawà:ke
Kahtehrón:ni Iris Stacey, 2016
Submitted in Partial Fulfillment of the Requirement for the Degree of Masters of Education, University of Victoria
Dr. Peter Jacobs,
Department of Linguistics Co-Supervisor
Dr. Alexandra D’Arcy,
Department of Linguistics Co-Supervisor
Dr. Trish Rosborough,
Department of Curriculum and Instruction Committee Member
This research has given voice to adult second-language speakers in Kahnawà:ke to help in identifying how they can be supported to continue on their language-learning journey to insure highly accurate unabridged language will be passed on to the next generations. Recognizing these adult second-language speakers as a high priority demographic is essential and timely, as many graduates of adult immersion combined with the first generations from elementary immersion now need the most support and motivation to raise their young families in the language. After years of hard work, patience and dedication, Kanien’kéha revitalization in Kahnawà:ke seems to be at a threshold: it seems as though the next steps in language revitalization will be pivotal. The research suggests the future entails taking a kincentric approach to community language planning and serves as the first study on the impact, successes and challenges of second language speakers in Kahnawà:ke.
An Indigenous Feminist’s Take on the Ontological Turn: ‘Ontology’ Is Just Another Word For Colonialism
Todd, Z. (2016) An Indigenous Feminist’s Take on the Ontological Turn: ‘Ontology’ Is Just Another Word For Colonialism. Journal of Historical Sociology, 29: 4–22. doi: 10.1111/johs.12124.
Ethical Relationality – avoiding “re-colonization” when working with Indigenous knowledges and some practical tips for decolonizing scholarship.
In this article, Todd takes on a recent trend in anthropology, the “Ontological Turn”. I am not 100% certain, but it seems that the Ontological Turn is a willingness in the field of anthropology to examine (critique) Western ontologies and knowledge production strategies in contrast to other non-Western worldviews. It seems that the Ontological Turn in anthropology is being mirrored in Education, in the way that Indigenous ways of knowing are starting to be incorporated in curriculum, teaching and research methods. Todd’s critique is important because it calls attention to the ways in which the Western academy may co-opt Indigenous thinking, stripping it of its true intentions to make it fit pre-existing structures.
Todd points to a trend in anthropology of white scholars citing other white scholars on topics related to multiple ontological realities — Indigenous worldviews and knowledges, rather than citing Indigenous thinkers and scholars who have written or spoken about the same themes. The need to ‘filter’ Indigenous voices through white voices is problematic because it situates Indigenous thinkers as objects or collaborators rather than philosophers, theorizers and intellectuals ‘in their own right’. This in turn makes a statement about whose knowledge is truly valued in the academy; that is, white speakers are valued over Indigenous speakers.
Throughout the piece, Todd advances ideas for helping scholars remain accountable to the people and places that they draw knowledge from. This quotation sums up her tips quite well:
◦ “Sundberg and Watts both provide Euro-Western scholars with practical tools for employing Indigenous ontologies in their work with care and respect: account for location (Sundberg 2014) and Indigenous Place-Thought (Watts 2013:31) – and consider the ongoing colonial imperatives of the academy” (Todd, 2016, p. 9).
Other tips include:
◦ Consider the concept of ‘ethical relationality’ (Dwayne Donald 2009): Living up to our duties to humans, animals, land, water, climate, etc.
◦ Consider our own prejudices: certain voices are privileged while others are silenced
◦ Consider digging for POC, women and others left out of academic discourses who are discussing topics in other ways – rather than citing a “Great Thinker” (often male and white)
◦ Broaden the spectrum of who is reaffirmed as ‘knowledgeable’: Familiarise yourself with the work of Indigenous thinkers
Aboriginal Ways of Knowing: Aboriginal-led Evaluation / Modes de connaissance autochtones: l’évaluation menée par des Autochtones
Guest Editor’s Introduction / Introduction de la rédactrice invitée
Andrea L.K. Johnston
The Canadian Journal of Program Evaluation Vol. 23 No. 1 Pages 1–6ISSN 0834-1516 Copyright © 2010 Canadian Evaluation Society
Aboriginal Research Methodology Bibliography
Tecumseh Centre for Aboriginal Research and Education
Compiled by Sarah McGean
May 15, 2008
aboriginal research methodology resources
A Way Forward for Indigenous languages
Should Aboriginal students be taught in their own languages? Nola Purdie considers strategies for strengthening the quality of Indigenous languages programs in schools.
Purdie, Nola (2009) “A Way Forward For Indigenous Languages,” : No. 21 , Article 2. Available at: https://research.acer.edu.au/resdev/vol21/iss21/2